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Have Washington’s March 3 GOP caucuses suddenly become relevant?

Post by Peter Callaghan / The News Tribune on Jan. 23, 2012 at 12:12 pm |
January 23, 2012 12:30 pm

Newt Gingrich has accomplished something I didn’t think was possible.

I don’t mean his return from the political graveyard to win the South Carolina primary on Saturday, as significant as that is.

I don’t mean his rapid ascendency to become the latest chief rival to Mitt Romney for the Republican nomination for president.

I don’t even mean his remarkable surge that has transformed the GOP nomination process from a coronation to a donnybrook in a week’s time.

All minor miracles compared to the way his success has increased the chances that Washington’s GOP caucuses set for Saturday, March 3 might actually be important. If the nomination is still up for grabs, the remaining candidates may want to contest the first West Coast state and a state with a significant number of delegates (43).

Washington is also one of the earliest states that isn’t facing a 50 percent delegate penalty – the punishment meted out by the national party for holding nominating events too early in the calendar. (It appears that Washington’s date does jump the gun by having its caucuses before the March 6 Super Tuesday but that just starts a process that leads to actual delegate selection May 31 at the state GOP convention in Tacoma).

But if the candidates are still fighting over every delegate, they might actually campaign here and not just use the state as a fund raising cash machine.

Three candidates have full-time coordinators in the state – Romney, Gingrich and Ron Paul.

“They’ll decide what their campaigns will do here after the Florida primary,” said state GOP spokesman Josh Amato. “I know we’ll matter if it’s still as competitive going in to Super Tuesday.”

Coming the weekend before Super Tuesday could be a good thing or a bad thing, it could help Washington or hurt it. Being alone on a Saturday could allow it to capture some national attention from both the news media and the candidates. But it might not be enough of a prize to divert candidates who will already be spread thin campaigning in the 10 Super Tuesday states that include Massachusetts, Georgia, Virginia, Ohio, Tennessee and Alaska.

Washington’s Democrats begin their delegate selection with caucuses on April 15 but will probably send all of its delegates to support President Obama’s uncontested renomination.

Washington’s Republican delegate total is based on its population alone. It does not qualify for the bonus delegates the GOP allocates to states that voted Republican in the last presidential election, elect Republican governors, Republican senators and House members or give the GOP control of state Legislatures. Comparably sized Georgia, for example, gains 21 delegates through this bonus process.

Here’s a good primer on the GOP delegate process. And here’s a link to the Pierce County GOP site that has information on how the state process works.

Still, Washington’s 43 is not an insignificant batch of delegates. Florida, for example, gets just 50 delegates because of the penalty. No other state on the GOP calendar ahead of Washington has as many delegates as does Washington.

Yet only a Gingrich victory that prolonged a process that had looked wrapped up for Romney just a week ago makes Washington potentially relevant, despite all that has been working against it. When many states rushed to the front of the calendar and when Washington lawmakers cancelled the state’s primary to save money, the state became an afterthought, at best.

It also doesn’t help that the caucuses are not winner-take-all, reducing the size of the prize for any of the surviving candidates. And it takes a long time to get to the end because delegates elected March 3 go on to county conventions (legislative district caucuses in King County). Delegates chosen there move onto elect the actual national delegates May 31.

Finally, because it is a battle waged in hundreds of small meetings rather than in a statewide primary, it requires both time and money plus a good organization to do well here. No amount of personal appearances and TV ads can overcome a candidate with grassroots support, which is one reason candidates backed by conservative Christian groups have done so well here (like Pat Robertson who won in 1988 and Pat Buchanan who did pretty well in 1996.)

The “winner” March 3, therefore, can’t count on a big batch of delegates but could gain momentum going in to Super Tuesday.

Or not.

Yet even the potential of national relevance is more than state Republicans could have hoped before Gingrich’s South Carolina victory Saturday.

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