Nation. In Latin, natio, or “to be born.”
The United States of America is a nation, but our idea of this nation might have been very different if the Civil War had gone differently. When Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address 150 years ago this week, he did not know which side would win. If the South had won the war, today Lincoln’s speech would have marked a much darker day in history. Instead, despite the fact that both sides fought against each other, Americans consider the North and the South to be united as one nation.
Lincoln’s speech was a …